Beginner Back Swim

Beginner Back Swim  #

Introduction  #

The Beginner Back Swim skill develops Propulsion CompetencyPropulsion CompetencyPropulsion Competency is the knowledge, skill, and experience necessary to travel through the water using the movement of limbs in a controlled and efficient manner. Physical abilities associated with this competency include being able to perform gross and fine motor control patterns necessary to swim using different techniques in more than one body position. Cognitive abilities include determining which body position and technique is best suited for the conditions and circumstances of the task at hand, and an awareness of energy expenditure to regulate pace or speed. as its primary competency. Swimming on the back at the beginner level assists students in exploring different motor patterns and helps refine those movements to better propel the student through the water. At the beginner level, forward propulsion on the back is the first step in students gaining comfort and confidence using their arms and legs to propel them forward while on their back. This is an exploratory skill, allowing the student to learn different ways to move through the water.

Description  #

The Beginner Back Swim skill is defined by the following body posturePostureThe particular way the body is held while doing an activity. Mobility specialists define posture as the way you position your body or arrange your limbs, such as “to stand up straight with your shoulders back and your chin up.” , arm formsFormThe visible shape or configuration of something. Mobility specialists define form as an arrangement of the elements in a composition; the way something (or someone) is shaped or arranged. , leg forms, breathing, and timing characteristics and features.

Beginner Back Swim Description  #

Body

  1. Body positioned on back
  2. Chest and hips at or near surface
  3. Face above surface

Arms

  1. Arms move alternately or symmetrically

Legs

  1. Legs move alternately or symmetrically

Breathing

  1. Forward travel not halted to breathe
Beginner Back Swim Demonstration  #

Video demonstration of the skill.

Assessment  #

Scoring  #

The following scoring rubricScoring rubricA guide that includes rating scales and descriptions of one or more criteria used to evaluate the performance of a skill. lists the gradients of key requirements and deficiencies that provide an overall description of different competence levels. A single score is assigned based on the instructor’s judgment of the student’s performance.

Beginner Back Swim Scoring Rubric  #

0

Exhibits any of the following:

  • Swims less than 3 yards
  • Achieves distance primarily due to a push-off or a jump
  • Swims mostly on front, on side, or under the surface
  • Keeps trunk angle, from chest to hips, more than 45 degrees

1

Performs the following:

  • Swims mostly on back for at least 3 yards
  • Keeps chest at or near the surface
  • Uses arm and/or leg movements

Exhibits the following:

  • Keeps trunk angle, from chest to hips, more than 30 degrees

2

Performs all of the following:

  • Swims mostly on back for 5 yards
  • Keeps chest at or near the surface with trunk angled 30 degrees or less
  • Uses arm and/or leg movements

Exhibits any of the following:

  • Keeps face mostly below the surface
  • Uses only arm or only leg movements
  • Does not use both arm and leg movements continuously or in a regular pattern
  • Halts forward travel to breathe

3

Performs all of the following:

  • Swims mostly on back for 5 yards
  • Keeps face mostly above the surface
  • Keeps chest at or near the surface with trunk angled 30 degrees or less
  • Uses both arm and leg movements continuously or in a regular pattern
  • Does not halt forward travel to breathe